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Title: Determinants of genital human papillomavirus detection in a US population.
Authors: Peyton CL,  Gravitt PE,  Hunt WC,  Hundley RS,  Zhao M,  Apple RJ,  Wheeler CM
Journal: J Infect Dis
Date: 2001 Jun 1
Branches: MEB
PubMed ID: 11343204
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: This study investigated the association of selected demographic and behavioral characteristics with the detection of low-risk, high-risk, and uncharacterized genital human papillomavirus (HPV) in women attending clinic for routine nonreferral gynecologic health care. Cervical specimens obtained from 3863 women 18-40 years old (mean, 28 years) with no history of high-grade cervical disease were analyzed for 38 HPV types. Overall, HPV prevalence was 39.2%. The prevalence of high-risk, low-risk, and uncharacterized HPV types was 26.7%, 14.7%, and 13.0%, respectively. As expected, the characteristics most strongly associated with overall HPV detection were age and numbers of lifetime and recent sex partners. Low-risk, high-risk, and uncharacterized HPV detection increased with increasing numbers of sex partners. There was a decline in high-risk and low-risk HPV detection with increasing age but little change in uncharacterized HPV detection. These results suggest that the uncharacterized HPV types have a different natural history than either low-risk or high-risk HPV types.