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||Evaluation of Total and IgA-Specific Antibody Targeting Epstein-Barr Virus Glycoprotein 350 and Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Risk.
||Coghill AE, Bu W, Hsu WL, Nguyen H, Yu KJ, Chien YC, Chen CJ, Cohen JI, Hildesheim A
||J Infect Dis
||2018 Aug 14
||Background: We previously reported that higher levels of antibody targeting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) glycoprotein350 (gp350), an EBV vaccine candidate, were protective against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in genetically high-risk families from Taiwan. The current study attempted to extend this association to a general population cohort. Methods: We compared total and IgA-specific gp350 antibody levels in 35 incident NPC cases and 81 disease-free controls from the Cancer Screening Program in Taiwan (23943 individuals recruited 1991-1992). Luciferase immunoprecipitation assays quantified gp350 antibody. Results: Total EBVgp350 antibody levels were not higher in individuals who remained disease free compared to those who developed NPC (P = .11). This lack of a protective gp350 association persisted for cases diagnosed ≥5 years (odds ratio [OR] = 1.05; P = .91) and <5 years (OR = 1.85; P = .40) after blood draw. IgA-specific gp350 antibody levels were higher in cases than controls (OR = 7.03; P = .001). This increased risk was most pronounced for cases diagnosed <5 years after blood draw (OR = 11.7; P = .004). Conclusion: Unlike our prior findings in those with a strong family history of NPC, total gp350 antibody levels were not protective against NPC development in this general population setting.