As a result of the current Federal government funding situation, the information on this website may not be up to date or acted upon.
The NIH Clinical Center (the research hospital of NIH) is open. For more details about its operating status, please visit https://cc.nih.gov.
Updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at https://www.opm.gov.
|Title:||Urinary tract infection and risk of bladder cancer.|
|Authors:||Kantor AF, Hartge P, Hoover RN, Narayana AS, Sullivan JW, Fraumeni JF Jr|
|Journal:||Am J Epidemiol|
|PMC ID:||not available|
|Abstract:||In an epidemiologic study of 2982 bladder carcinoma patients and 5782 population controls from 10 geographic areas of the United States, the role of urinary tract infection and inflammation in the etiology of this neoplasm was evaluated. A history of urinary tract infection significantly elevated the risk of bladder cancer, particularly in individuals who reported three or more infections (relative risk (RR) = 2.0). Significantly increased bladder cancer risk was also found for bladder stones (RR = 1.8), while kidney stones showed no relation. A history of three or more urinary tract infections was strongly related to squamous cell carcinoma in particular (RR = 4.8).|