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||Measuring cell proliferation in the rectal mucosa. comparing bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) assays.
||Kulldorff M, McShane LM, Schatzkin A, Freedman LS, Wargovich MJ, Woods C, Purewal M, Burt RW, Lawson M, Mateski DJ, Lanza E, Corle DK, O'Brien B, Moler J
||J Clin Epidemiol
||Cell proliferation in the human colorectum can be measured using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) or proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) assays. Using data from the National Cancer Institute's Polyp Prevention Trial, these two assays are compared using correlation coefficients and variance components analysis. Adjusting for fixed as well as for the random effects of between-biopsy and scoring variation, the estimated correlation is 0.46 for the log labeling index and 0.45 for log proliferative height. This is an estimate of the highest correlation that can be achieved by taking multiple biopsies scored by multiple scorers. For single biopsies, the estimated correlation is 0.16 and 0.10, respectively. There are significant differences between the variance components for the two assays. For example, for log labeling index, PCNA has a lower variation between biopsies than BrdU, but higher variation between scorings. When used in a clinical or epidemiological setting, it is important to take multiple biopsies at multiple time points.