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Title: Conjugated estrogens and breast cancer risk in women.
Authors: Hoover R,  Glass A,  Finkle WD,  Azevedo D,  Milne K
Journal: J Natl Cancer Inst
Date: 1981 Oct
Branches: EBP
PubMed ID: 6268883
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: The relationship between conjugated estrogen(s) (CE) and breast cancer was investigated by the examination of the records of 345 women with newly diagnosed breast cancer and 611 healthy controls belonging to a prepaid health plan. Use of CE was associated with a 40% elevation in risk [relative risk (RR) = 1.4; 95% confidence interval-1.0-2.0]. The RR was 1.3 for menopausal women with intact ovaries and 1.5 for those with ovaries removed. There was statistically significant evidence of a dose-response relationship with the three measures of dose evaluated. RR's rose to about twofold for women with 10 or more CE prescriptions noted in their charts, for those with 5 years or more between their first and last prescription, and for those with a usual daily dose of 1.25 mg or more. The RR associated with having ever used CE and with long-term use was highest among those women with a family history of breast cancer. These data support the hypothesis that long-term use of CE is associated with increased breast cancer risk.