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Title: Markers for carcinogenicity among butadiene-polymer workers in China.
Authors: Hayes RB,  Zhang L,  Swenberg JA,  Yin SN,  Xi L,  Wiencke J,  Bechtold WE,  Yao M,  Rothman N,  Haas R,  O'Neill JP,  Wiemels J,  Dosemeci M,  Li G,  Smith MT
Journal: Chem Biol Interact
Date: 2001 Jun 1
Branches: OEEB
PubMed ID: 11397406
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: We examined a spectrum of genotoxic and other outcomes in 41 butadiene-polymer production workers and 38 nonexposed controls, in China, to explore the role of butadiene in human carcinogenesis. Among butadiene-exposed workers, median air exposure was 2 ppm (6-h TWA), due largely to intermittent high-level exposures. Compared to unexposed subjects, butadiene-exposed workers had greater levels of hemoglobin N-(2,3,4-trihydroxybutyl)valine (THBVal) adducts (P<0.0001), and adduct levels tended to correlate, among butadiene-exposed workers, with air measures (P=0.03). Butadiene-exposed workers did not differ, however, from unexposed workers with respect to frequency of uninduced or diepoxybutane-induced sister chromatid exchanges, aneuploidy as measured by fluorescence in situ hybridization of chromosomes 1, 7, 8 and 12, glycophorin A variants or lymphocyte hprt somatic mutation. Also among the exposed, greater THBVal levels were not associated with increases in uninduced sister chromatid exchanges, aneuploidy, glycophorin A, or hprt mutations. Butadiene-exposed workers had greater lymphocyte (P=0.002) and platelet counts (P=0.07) and lymphocytes as a percent of white blood cells were moderately correlated with greater THBVal levels (Spearman's rho=0.32, P=0.07). Among butadiene-exposed workers, several serum cytokines correlated with THBVal adduct levels. Overall, the study demonstrated exposure to butadiene in these workers, by a variety of short-term and long-term measures, but did not show specific genotoxic effects, at the chromosomal or gene levels, related to that exposure.