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||Impact of highly effective antiretroviral therapy on the risk for Hodgkin lymphoma among people with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
||Goedert JJ, Bower M
||Curr Opin Oncol
||PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To estimate the impact of highly effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the incidence and prognosis of Hodgkin lymphoma among people with human immunodeficiency virus infection or AIDS (PWHA). RECENT FINDINGS: Age-adjusted incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma in PWHA is unchanged and is still five-fold to fifteen-fold higher than in the general population. Aging of the PWHA population with ART may account for increasing numbers of Hodgkin lymphoma cases. CD4 cell count has a complex relationship to Hodgkin lymphoma risk in PWHA. Depending on the time of measurement, Hodgkin lymphoma risk is highest with 50-249 CD4 cells/μl, and falling CD4 count on ART may be a harbinger of Hodgkin lymphoma onset. HIV load appears irrelevant to Hodgkin lymphoma. For obscure reasons, Hodgkin lymphoma risk may be elevated soon after starting ART, but the risk is probably modestly reduced with 6 or more months on ART. For PWHA who develop Hodgkin lymphoma, ART and ABVD chemotherapy can be administered safely, with one recent study demonstrating equivalent outcomes for HIV-positive and HIV-negative Hodgkin lymphoma patients. SUMMARY: Vigilance for Hodgkin lymphoma is needed for immune-deficient PWHA, including those on ART. ART with opportunistic infection prophylaxis enables the delivery of effective chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma, leading to a good prognosis.