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Title: On the efficiency of age-adjusted tests in animal carcinogenicity experiments.
Authors: Gart JJ,  Tarone RE
Journal: Biometrics
Date: 1987 Mar
Branches: BB
PubMed ID: 3567308
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: Based on asymptotic relative efficiency calculations, Ryan (1985, Biometrics 41, 525-531) concludes that, in the analysis of animal carcinogenicity experiments, age-adjusted tests of tumor rates should be routinely preferred to simple proportions tests for both lethal and nonlethal tumors. We recalculate the asymptotic efficiencies of the simple proportions test relative to the log-rank test for the lethal tumor case. For a simplified model it is shown that the relative efficiency may be easily computed as a function of the crude tumor rate and the survival rate at the time of terminal sacrifice. More generally, we calculate by numerical quadrature the asymptotic relative efficiency for all models considered by Ryan and, using simulations, examine the relevance of asymptotic efficiencies to typical sample sizes. Contrary to the numerical results of Ryan, we find, for experiments with good survival and typical tumor rates, that the relative efficiencies are greater than 95%, usually about 99%. In the nonlethal tumor case, similar results follow from Ryan for tumor rates and survival rates typically encountered in practice. As it is often difficult to determine whether or not a tumor is lethal, we conclude for equal interim mortality rates, that the simple proportions test is usually adequate in evaluating animal carcinogenicity experiments.