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||Linkage of cutaneous malignant melanoma/dysplastic nevi to chromosome 9p, and evidence for genetic heterogeneity.
||Goldstein AM, Dracopoli NC, Engelstein M, Fraser MC, Clark WH Jr, Tucker MA
||Am J Hum Genet
||We examined the relationship between cutaneous malignant melanoma/dysplastic nevi (CMM/DN) and chromosome 9p in 13 pedigrees with two or more living cases of invasive melanoma. We used two highly informative (CA)n repeats, D9S126 and IFNA, previously implicated in familial malignant melanoma (MLM), to conduct linkage analysis. Three analyses were performed: (1) CMM alone--all individuals without either confirmed melanoma or borderline lesions were considered unaffected (model A); (2) CMM/DN with both variable age at onset and sporadics (model B); and (3) CMM affecteds only--all individuals either without confirmed melanoma or with borderline lesions were designated "unknown" (model C). There was significant evidence for linkage to IFNA in all three models. For CMM alone, the maximum lod score (Zmax) was 4.36 at theta = .10 for model A and 3.39 at theta = .10 for model C. For CMM/DN (model B), Zmax = 3.05 at theta = .20. There was no significant evidence for linkage between CMM alone or CMM/DN and chromosome 9p marker D9S126. In addition, there was significant evidence for heterogeneity when a homogeneity test allowing for linkage to chromosome 9p or chromosome 1p or neither region was used. These results suggest that there is an MLM susceptibility locus on chromosome 9p but that familial melanoma is heterogeneous and not all families with CMM/DN are linked to a locus in this region.