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Title: Survival after AIDS diagnosis in a cohort of hemophilia patients. Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study.
Authors: Gail MH,  Tan WY,  Pee D,  Goedert JJ
Journal: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol
Date: 1997 Aug 15
Branches: BB
PubMed ID: 9342256
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: We studied factors affecting survival after the diagnosis of AIDS in a cohort of 1253 patients with hemophilia. The nature of the AIDS-defining condition was found to be as important as age at seroconversion and CD4+ lymphocyte level in predicting survival. A multivariate analysis yielded estimates of median survival for groups defined by age at seroconversion (0 through 15, 16 through 69), CD4+ lymphocyte count (<100 cells/microl versus > or = 100 cells/microl), and 10 AIDS-defining disease groups. Estimates of median survival after a single AIDS-defining condition ranged from 3 to 51 months, depending on the diseases. Median survival after a second AIDS-defining condition was about 1.5- to 2.0-fold shorter than after an initial, isolated AIDS-defining condition. HIV-related neurologic disease (i.e., AIDS dementia complex or multifocal leukoencephalopathy) was a notable exception. It correlated with the shortest estimates of median survival (3 to 9 months), and this poor prognosis was no worse for patients who had a second AIDS-defining condition. The results of this analysis were consistent in most respects with other published analyses of factors affecting survival. These findings may be useful in the clinical care of persons with AIDS and in estimating the number of persons alive who have had a particular AIDS-defining disease.