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Title: Probability that a two-stage genome-wide association study will detect a disease-associated snp and implications for multistage designs.
Authors: Gail MH,  Pfeiffer RM,  Wheeler W,  Pee D
Journal: Ann Hum Genet
Date: 2008 Nov
Branches: BB
PubMed ID: 18652601
PMC ID: PMC2574571
Abstract: Large two-stage genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been shown to reduce required genotyping with little loss of power, compared to a one-stage design, provided a substantial fraction of cases and controls, pi(sample), is included in stage 1. However, a number of recent GWASs have used pi(sample) < 0.2. Moreover, standard power calculations are not applicable because SNPs are selected in stage 1 by ranking their p-values, rather than comparing each SNP's statistic to a fixed critical value. We define the detection probability (DP) of a two-stage design as the probability that a given disease-associated SNP will have a p-value among the lowest ranks of p-values at stage 1, and, among those SNPs selected at stage 1, at stage 2. For 8000 cases and 8000 controls available for study and for odds ratios per allele in the range 1.1-1.3, we show that DP is substantially reduced for designs with pi(sample)