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||Role of DC-SIGN in the activation of dendritic cells by HPV-16 L1 virus-like particle vaccine.
||García-Piñeres AJ, Hildesheim A, Trivett M, Williams M, Wu L, Kewalramani VN, Pinto LA
||Eur J Immunol
||Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), a specific C-type lectin expressed on DC, binds and transmits different pathogens to susceptible cells. In the present study, we examined the role of DC-SIGN in the capture of human papillomavirus (HPV) pseudovirions and activation of DC. We demonstrate that HPV virus-like particles (VLP) bind to DC-SIGN expressed on transfected Raji cells and that antibodies against DC-SIGN block this interaction. DC take up VLP, which activate expression of costimulatory markers and cytokines/chemokines. Although our results indicate that DC-SIGN is not the major receptor for VLP in DC, this interaction contributes to the activation of DC surface antigens (HLA class I) and of various cytokines/chemokines, particularly TNF-alpha, IL-6, and RANTES. Induction of these markers in DC by VLP was significantly abrogated when binding to DC-SIGN was blocked by anti-DC-SIGN antibodies. These results suggest that DC-SIGN has a functional role in DC activation induced by HPV-16 L1-VLP, and thus highlight new aspects of DC interactions with HPV VLP.