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||Genetic correlation between smoking behaviors and schizophrenia.
||Hartz SM, Horton AC, Hancock DB, Baker TB, Caporaso NE, Chen LS, Hokanson JE, Lutz SM, Marazita ML, McNeil DW, Pato CN, Pato MT, Johnson EO, Bierut LJ
||Nicotine dependence is highly comorbid with schizophrenia, and the etiology of the comorbidity is unknown. To determine whether there is a genetic correlation of smoking behavior with schizophrenia, genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis results from five smoking phenotypes (ever/never smoker (N=74,035), age of onset of smoking (N=28,647), cigarettes smoked per day (CPD, N=38,860), nicotine dependence (N=10,666), and current/former smoker (N=40,562)) were compared to GWAS meta-analysis results from schizophrenia (N=79,845) using linkage disequilibrium (LD) score regression. First, the SNP heritability (h2g) of each of the smoking phenotypes was computed using LD score regression (ever/never smoker h2g=0.08, age of onset of smoking h2g=0.06, CPD h2g=0.06, nicotine dependence h2g=0.15, current/former smoker h2g=0.07, p<0.001 for all phenotypes). The SNP heritability for nicotine dependence was statistically higher than the SNP heritability for the other smoking phenotypes (p<0.0005 for all two-way comparisons). Next, a statistically significant (p<0.05) genetic correlation was observed between schizophrenia and three of the five smoking phenotypes (nicotine dependence rg=0.14, CPD rg=0.12, and ever/never smoking rg=0.10). These results suggest that there is a component of common genetic variation that is shared between smoking behaviors and schizophrenia.