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||Korean Pediatric and Adult Head Computational Phantoms and Application to Photon Specific Absorbed Fractions Calculations.
||Villoing D, McMillan D, Kim KP, Park I, Lee AK, Choi HD, Lee C
||Radiat Prot Dosimetry
||2017 Nov 1
||In recent decades, applications of single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission tomography in clinical neuroimaging have markedly increased. In this study, we developed a series of Korean computational head phantoms with detailed cranial substructures for 6-, 9-, 12- and 15-year-old children and adult by non-uniformly adjusting a template head phantom to match the Korean standard head dimensions. The Korean head phantoms were coupled with a Monte Carlo transport code to calculate age-dependent specific absorbed fraction (SAF) for the combination of 10 source and target regions and mono-energetic photons ranging from 0.01 to 4 MeV. Compared to the adult phantom, the 6-y phantom showed up to 1.4-fold greater self-absorption SAF (cerebellum) and up to 1.8-fold greater cross-irradiation SAF (cerebellum < eye balls). With addition of electron SAFs in the future, our photon SAF data will facilitate dose calculations for various cranial substructures in patients undergoing cranial neuroimaging procedures.