Publications Search - Abstract View
||Serum pepsinogen 1 and anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies as predictors of gastric cancer risk in Finnish males.
||Song M, Camargo MC, Weinstein SJ, Murphy G, Freedman ND, Koshiol J, Stolzenberg-Solomon RZ, Abnet CC, Männistö S, Albanes D, Rabkin CS
||Aliment Pharmacol Ther
||BACKGROUND: Serum pepsinogen 1 (SPG1) and anti-Helicobacter pylori serology have been used for gastric risk stratification in Asia. AIM: To assess utility of these markers in a Western population. METHODS: SPG1 measurements were available for 21 895 Finnish male smokers in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study. We used Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for potential confounders to estimate gastric cancer hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for low SPG1 (<25 μg/L). In a subset (n = 3555) with anti-H. pylori serology, these markers jointly defined the following: Group A (H. pylori[-], SPG1[normal]; reference group), Group B (H. pylori[+], SPG1[normal]), Group C (H. pylori[+], SPG1[low]) and Group D (H. pylori[-], SPG1[low]). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CI were calculated using multivariate logistic regression.heterogeneity = 0.01). For groups B and C, repeat SPG1 level at 3 years did not further stratify gastric cancer risk. CONCLUSIONS: Low SPG1 was associated with increased gastric cancer risk in our large Finnish cohort. A single measurement of SPG1 along with H. pylori whole cell and CagA serology provides potentially useful prediction of gastric cancer risk.