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Title: Duplication of CXC chemokine genes on chromosome 4q13 in a melanoma-prone family.
Authors: Yang XR,  Brown K,  Landi MT,  Ghiorzo P,  Badenas C,  Xu M,  Hayward NK,  Calista D,  Landi G,  Bruno W,  Bianchi-Scarrà G,  Aguilera P,  Puig S,  Goldstein AM,  Tucker MA
Journal: Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Date: 2012 Mar
Branches: GEB, HGP, LTG
PubMed ID: 22225770
PMC ID: PMC3288577
Abstract: Copy number variations (CNVs) have been shown to contribute substantially to disease susceptibility in several inherited diseases including cancer. We conducted a genome-wide search for CNVs in blood-derived DNA from 79 individuals (62 melanoma patients and 17 spouse controls) of 30 high-risk melanoma-prone families without known segregating mutations using genome-wide comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) tiling arrays. We identified a duplicated region on chromosome 4q13 in germline DNA of all melanoma patients in a melanoma-prone family with three affected siblings. We confirmed the duplication using quantitative PCR and a custom-made CGH array design spanning the 4q13 region. The duplicated region contains 10 genes, most of which encode CXC chemokines. Among them, CXCL1 (melanoma growth-stimulating activity α) and IL8 (interleukin 8) have been shown to stimulate melanoma growth in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest that the alteration of CXC chemokine genes may confer susceptibility to melanoma.