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Title: Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation.
Authors: Willer CJ,  Speliotes EK,  Loos RJ,  Li S,  Lindgren CM,  Heid IM,  Berndt SI,  Elliott AL,  Jackson AU,  Lamina C,  Lettre G,  Lim N,  Lyon HN,  McCarroll SA,  Papadakis K,  Qi L,  Randall JC,  Roccasecca RM,  Sanna S,  Scheet P,  Weedon MN,  Wheeler E,  Zhao JH,  Jacobs LC,  Prokopenko I,  Soranzo N,  Tanaka T,  Timpson NJ,  Almgren P,  Bennett A,  Bergman RN,  Bingham SA,  Bonnycastle LL,  Brown M,  Burtt NP,  Chines P,  Coin L,  Collins FS,  Connell JM,  Cooper C,  Smith GD,  Dennison EM,  Deodhar P,  Elliott P,  Erdos MR,  Estrada K,  Evans DM,  Gianniny L,  Gieger C,  Gillson CJ,  Guiducci C,  Hackett R,  Hadley D,  Hall AS,  Havulinna AS,  Hebebrand J,  Hofman A,  Isomaa B,  Jacobs KB,  Johnson T,  Jousilahti P,  Jovanovic Z,  Khaw KT,  Kraft P,  Kuokkanen M,  Kuusisto J,  Laitinen J,  Lakatta EG,  Luan J,  Luben RN,  Mangino M,  McArdle WL,  Meitinger T,  Mulas A,  Munroe PB,  Narisu N,  Ness AR,  Northstone K,  O'Rahilly S,  Purmann C,  Rees MG,  RidderstrÃ¥le M,  Ring SM,  Rivadeneira F,  Ruokonen A,  Sandhu MS,  Saramies J,  Scott LJ,  Scuteri A,  Silander K,  Sims MA,  Song K,  Stephens J,  Stevens S,  Stringham HM,  Tung YC,  Valle TT,  Van Duijn CM,  Vimaleswaran KS,  Vollenweider P,  Waeber G,  Wallace C,  Watanabe RM,  Waterworth DM,  Watkins N,  Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium,  Witteman JC,  Zeggini E,  Zhai G,  Zillikens MC,  Altshuler D,  Caulfield MJ,  Chanock SJ,  Farooqi IS,  Ferrucci L,  Guralnik JM,  Hattersley AT,  Hu FB,  Jarvelin MR,  Laakso M,  Mooser V,  Ong KK,  Ouwehand WH,  Salomaa V,  Samani NJ,  Spector TD,  Tuomi T,  Tuomilehto J,  Uda M,  Uitterlinden AG,  Wareham NJ,  Deloukas P,  Frayling TM,  Groop LC,  Hayes RB,  Hunter DJ,  Mohlke KL,  Peltonen L,  Schlessinger D,  Strachan DP,  Wichmann HE,  McCarthy MI,  Boehnke M,  Barroso I,  Abecasis GR,  Hirschhorn JN,  Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits Consortium
Journal: Nat Genet
Date: 2009 Jan
Branches: OEEB, CGR
PubMed ID: 19079261
PMC ID: PMC2695662
Abstract: Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we conducted meta-analysis of 15 genome-wide association studies for BMI (n > 32,000) and followed up top signals in 14 additional cohorts (n > 59,000). We strongly confirm FTO and MC4R and identify six additional loci (P < 5 x 10(-8)): TMEM18, KCTD15, GNPDA2, SH2B1, MTCH2 and NEGR1 (where a 45-kb deletion polymorphism is a candidate causal variant). Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity.