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||Testing Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium using family data from complex surveys.
||She D, Zhang H, Li Z
||Ann Hum Genet
||Genetic data collected during the second phase of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) enable us to investigate the association of a wide variety of health factors with regard to genetic variation. The classic question when looking into the genetic variations in a population is whether the population is in the state of Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE). Our objective was to develop test procedures using family data from complex surveys such as NHANES III. We developed six Pearson chi(2) based tests for a diallelic locus of autosomal genes. The finite sample properties of the proposed test procedures were evaluated via Monte Carlo simulation studies and the Rao-Scott first order corrected test was recommended. Test procedures were applied to three loci from NHANES III genetic databases, i.e., ADRB2, TGFB1, and VDR. HWE was shown to hold at 0.05 level for all three loci when only families with genotypic information available for two parents and for one or more children were used in the analysis.