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Title: Familial eosinophilia: clinical and laboratory results on a U.S. kindred.
Authors: Lin AY,  Nutman TB,  Kaslow D,  Mulvihill JJ,  Fontaine L,  White BJ,  Knutsen T,  Theil KS,  Raghuprasad PK,  Goldstein AM,  Tucker MA
Journal: Am J Med Genet
Date: 1998 Mar 19
Branches: GEB, HGP
PubMed ID: 9508242
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: We describe a five-generation kindred with familial eosinophilia (FE; MIM131400), characterized by the occurrence of sustained eosinophilia of unidentifiable cause in multiple relatives. The inheritance pattern is consistent with an autosomal dominant pattern. Among 52 related subjects studied, 19 were affected and 33 were unaffected. Ten unaffected spouses were also evaluated. Four subjects with sustained eosinophilia were diagnosed with cardiac abnormalities and two of them also had neurologic symptoms. In comparison with the unaffected or spouses, evaluation of complete blood counts showed that the affected relatives had, as expected, significantly higher white cell (P < 0.005) and absolute eosinophil counts (P < 0.001) and lower red cell counts (P < 0.05). Evaluation of serum cytokine levels (IL-5, IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF) and serology for parasitic helminth infection demonstrated no differences between the affected and unaffected individuals; no individuals studied had serologic evidence for parasitic infection. There were also no differences in anti-nuclear antibody, serum cobalamin (vitamin B12) level, immunoglobulin level, leukocyte alkaline phosphatase, rheumatoid factor, HLA analysis, and stool findings for ova and parasites. Among eight affected persons who had peripheral blood or bone marrow karyotype analysis, two carried the same chromosome abnormality, a pericentric inversion of chromosome 10, inv (10) (p11.2q21.2). A gene mapping study is currently underway to study the underlying genetic mechanism(s) of this syndrome.