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Title: Delayed-type hypersensitivity in classic Kaposi sarcoma patients and controls.
Authors: Valenti RM,  Amodio E,  Nam JM,  Preiss L,  Graubard BI,  Romano N,  Goedert JJ
Journal: Br J Cancer
Date: 2011 Feb 1
Branches: BB, IIB
PubMed ID: 21245864
PMC ID: PMC3049575
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Immune perturbation likely affects the development of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) among people infected with the KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). We tested whether KSHV-seropositive individuals or cases of classic KS (cKS), which typically originates in the leg, had differing delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) in the forearm or leg. METHODS: Mantoux DTH with three antigens (Candida, tetanus, PPD) was performed on the forearm and leg of 15 cKS cases, 14 KSHV-positives without KS, and 15 KSHV-negative controls. The diameters of induration responses were compared by group and body site. RESULTS: Leg DTH was greater than forearm DTH among controls (mean difference 5.6 mm, P=0.0004), whereas this was not observed in cKS cases (-2.2 mm, P=0.32) or KSHV-positives (0.5 mm, P=0.56). Leg-minus-forearm DTH difference was greater in controls compared with cKS cases (P=0.004) and KSHV-positives (P=0.002). Leg-plus-forearm DTH was similar in controls (mean 28.2 mm) and cKS cases (24.5 mm, P=0.60), but it was reduced in KSHV-positives (11.8 mm, P=0.02), particularly in the leg (P=0.004) and marginally in the forearm (P=0.07). CONCLUSION: KS cases had weaker DTH only in the leg, whereas both body sites appeared weaker in KSHV-positives without KS. Both systemic and regional immune alterations may influence the development of this malignancy.