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Title: Identification, replication, and fine-mapping of Loci associated with adult height in individuals of african ancestry.
Authors: N'Diaye A,  Chen GK,  Palmer CD,  Ge B,  Tayo B,  Mathias RA,  Ding J,  Nalls MA,  Adeyemo A,  Adoue V,  Ambrosone CB,  Atwood L,  Bandera EV,  Becker LC,  Berndt SI,  Bernstein L,  Blot WJ,  Boerwinkle E,  Britton A,  Casey G,  Chanock SJ,  Demerath E,  Deming SL,  Diver WR,  Fox C,  Harris TB,  Hernandez DG,  Hu JJ,  Ingles SA,  John EM,  Johnson C,  Keating B,  Kittles RA,  Kolonel LN,  Kritchevsky SB,  Le Marchand L,  Lohman K,  Liu J,  Millikan RC,  Murphy A,  Musani S,  Neslund-Dudas C,  North KE,  Nyante S,  Ogunniyi A,  Ostrander EA,  Papanicolaou G,  Patel S,  Pettaway CA,  Press MF,  Redline S,  Rodriguez-Gil JL,  Rotimi C,  Rybicki BA,  Salako B,  Schreiner PJ,  Signorello LB,  Singleton AB,  Stanford JL,  Stram AH,  Stram DO,  Strom SS,  Suktitipat B,  Thun MJ,  Witte JS,  Yanek LR,  Ziegler RG,  Zheng W,  Zhu X,  Zmuda JM,  Zonderman AB,  Evans MK,  Liu Y,  Becker DM,  Cooper RS,  Pastinen T,  Henderson BE,  Hirschhorn JN,  Lettre G,  Haiman CA
Journal: PLoS Genet
Date: 2011 Oct
PubMed ID: 21998595
PMC ID: PMC3188544
Abstract: Adult height is a classic polygenic trait of high heritability (h(2) approximately 0.8). More than 180 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), identified mostly in populations of European descent, are associated with height. These variants convey modest effects and explain approximately10% of the variance in height. Discovery efforts in other populations, while limited, have revealed loci for height not previously implicated in individuals of European ancestry. Here, we performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) results for adult height in 20,427 individuals of African ancestry with replication in up to 16,436 African Americans. We found two novel height loci (Xp22-rs12393627, P = 3.4×10(-12) and 2p14-rs4315565, P = 1.2×10(-8)). As a group, height associations discovered in European-ancestry samples replicate in individuals of African ancestry (P = 1.7×10(-4) for overall replication). Fine-mapping of the European height loci in African-ancestry individuals showed an enrichment of SNPs that are associated with expression of nearby genes when compared to the index European height SNPs (P<0.01). Our results highlight the utility of genetic studies in non-European populations to understand the etiology of complex human diseases and traits.