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||Management of lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia in real-life practice in france: a comprehensive population study.
||Lukacs B, Cornu JN, Aout M, Tessier N, Hodée C, Haab F, Cussenot O, Merlière Y, Moysan V, Vicaut E
||BACKGROUND: Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most treated diseases, but little is known about patient trajectories in current clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To describe the dynamic treatment patterns of LUTS presumably due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PARTICIPANTS: All prescriptions of α1-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (α1-blockers), 5α-reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), and phytotherapy, and all surgeries related to BPO performed in France from 2004 to 2008 were identified using two distinct administrative claim databases maintained by the National Health Insurance system that covers the entire population. After linking the two data sets, all consecutive treatment events were analyzed for each patient. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Drug prescription details were assessed for each year, region, and prescriber qualification. Medical treatment initiation, interruption, evolution, and events after surgical management (hospital stay, reoperation, complication rates, and subsequent medical prescriptions) were also investigated. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Overall, 2 620 269 patients were treated within 5 yr, with important geographic variations. Medical treatment was interrupted for approximately 16% of patients. The α1-blockers were prescribed most frequently, but phytotherapy surprisingly accounted for 27% of all monotherapies and 54% of all combination therapies. General practitioners and urologists (92% and 3.7% of overall prescribers, respectively) exhibited a similar prescription profile. Treatment initiation was medical in 95.4% of cases, consisting primarily of monotherapy using α1-blockers (60.3%), phytotherapy (31.8%), or 5-ARIs (7.9%). Treatment was modified at extremely high rates within 12 mo of initiation (8.7%, 14.6%, and 12.9%, respectively). The median hospital stay for surgical management was far higher than in clinical trials. Long-term surgical complications and reoperation rates favored open prostatectomy. Incidence of pharmacologic treatment after surgery was as high as 13.8% at 12 mo. CONCLUSIONS: This unique dynamic evaluation of clinical practice revealed unexpected results that contrast with previously published evidence from clinical trials. This approach may merit monitored and targeted measures to improve the level of care in the field.