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||High-risk pregnancy and neonatal complications in the DNA repair and transcription disorder trichothiodystrophy: report of 27 affected pregnancies.
||Tamura D, Merideth M, DiGiovanna JJ, Zhou X, Tucker MA, Goldstein AM, Brooks BP, Khan SG, Oh KS, Ueda T, Boyle J, Moslehi R, Kraemer KH
||OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency of pregnancy and neonatal complications in pregnancies carrying fetuses affected with trichothiodystrophy (TTD). METHODS: We identified pregnancy and neonatal complications and serum screening results from mothers of TTD patients in a DNA repair diseases study from 2001 to 2011. RESULTS: Pregnancy reports of 27 TTD patients and their 23 mothers were evaluated and 81% of the pregnancies had complications: 56% had preterm delivery, 30% had preeclampsia, 19% had placental abnormalities, 11% had HELLP syndrome, and 4% had an emergency c-section for fetal distress, while 44% had two or more complications. Only 19% of the pregnancies delivered at term without complications. Eight of the ten pregnancies tested had abnormal multiple marker results including elevated levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin. Eighty-five percent of the neonates had complications: 70% were low birth weight (<2500 g), 35% had birth weight < 10 centile for gestational age, 70% had NICU admission, 67% had a collodion membrane, and 31% of the 16 males had cryptorchidism. Cataracts were present in 54% of the TTD patients examined. CONCLUSION: TTD is a multisystem disease that predisposes mothers of affected patients to substantial risks for pregnancy complications and TTD neonates have a high incidence of multiple abnormalities.