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||Fascin and CK4 as biomarkers for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
||Takikita M, Hu N, Shou JZ, Giffen C, Wang QH, Wang C, Hewitt SM, Taylor PR
||BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that fascin, cytokeratin 14 and cytokeratin 4 may have significant roles as biomarkers for the progression and survival of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed immunohistochemistry in tissue microarrays, profiling premalignant lesions and invasive tumors. RESULTS: Fascin increased across the following states as follows: normal-appearing epithelium (26%) to dysplasia (46%) to ESCC (68%), while CK4 was undetectable in ESCC (0%) compared to normal-appearing epithelium (45%) or dysplasia (41%). CK14 was elevated and invariant in expression. In regression analyses, compared to normal-appearing epithelium, higher fascin expression was associated with a 36% increased risk of dysplasia (odds ratio=1.36) and a 56% increased risk of invasive ESCC (odds ratio=1.56). CONCLUSION: Expression of fascin is up-regulated in the transformation from normal-appearing epithelium, through dysplasia, into invasive carcinoma. Expression of CK4, CK14 and fascin did not correlate with patient survival. Fascin has a potential role as an early detection biomarker and CK4 as a tumor marker in ESCC.