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||Physical activity and breast cancer risk in Chinese women.
||Pronk A, Ji BT, Shu XO, Chow WH, Xue S, Yang G, Li HL, Rothman N, Gao YT, Zheng W, Matthews CE
||Br J Cancer
||2011 Oct 25
||BACKGROUND: The influence of different types and intensities of physical activity on risk for breast cancer is unclear. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of 73,049 Chinese women (40-70 years), who had worked outside the home, we studied breast cancer risk in relation to specific types of self-reported and work history-related physical activity, including adolescent and adult exercise and household activity and walking and cycling for transportation. Occupational sitting time and physical activity energy expenditure were assigned based on lifetime occupational histories. RESULTS: In all, 717 incident breast cancer cases were diagnosed. Breast cancer risk was lower for women in the lowest quartile of average occupational sitting time and in the highest quartile of average occupational energy expenditure (adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.81 and 0.73, respectively, P ≤ 0.05). Adult exercise at or above the recommended level (8 metabolic equivalent (MET) h per week per year) was associated with lower risk (adjusted HR: 0.73, P<0.05) in post-menopausal women. Analysis of joint effects showed that having both an active job and exercise participation did not confer an additional benefit. Other common daily activities were not associated with lower risk. INTERPRETATION: These findings suggest that both exercise and occupational activity are associated with lower breast cancer risk, which supports current health promotion campaigns promoting exercise.