Publications Search - Abstract View
||Multiple myeloma and occupation: a pooled analysis by the International Multiple Myeloma Consortium.
||Perrotta C, Kleefeld S, Staines A, Tewari P, De Roos AJ, Baris D, Birmann B, Chiu B, Cozen W, Becker N, Foretova L, MaynadiÃ© M, Nieters A, de SanjosÃ© S, Miligi L, Seniori Costantini A, Purdue M, Spinelli J, Cocco P
||OBJECTIVE: We investigated occupational risk of multiple myeloma (MM) in a pooled analysis of five international case-control studies. METHODS: We calculated the odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval for selected occupations with unconditional regression analysis in 1959 MM cases and 6192 controls, by pooling study-specific risks using random-effects meta-analysis. Exposure to organic solvents was assessed with a job-exposure matrix (JEM). RESULTS: Gardeners and nursery workers combined, most likely exposed to pesticides, showed a 50% increase in risk (OR = 1.50, 95% CI 0.9-2.3), while other farming jobs did not. Metal processors (OR = 1.55, 95% CI 0.9-2.3), female cleaners (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.0-1.8), and high level exposure to organic solvents (OR = 1.38, 95% CI 0.96-1.8) also showed moderately increased risks. CONCLUSIONS: Additional case-control studies of MM aetiology are warranted to further investigate the nature of the repeatedly reported increase in MM risk in several occupational groups.