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||Radiation dose and subsequent risk for stomach cancer in long-term survivors of cervical cancer.
||Kleinerman RA, Smith SA, Holowaty E, Hall P, Pukkala E, Vaalavirta L, Stovall M, Weathers R, Gilbert E, Aleman BM, Kaijser M, Andersson M, Storm H, Joensuu H, Lynch CF, Dores GM, Travis LB, Morton LM, Curtis RE
||Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys
||2013 Aug 1
||PURPOSE: To assess the dose-response relationship for stomach cancer after radiation therapy for cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a nested, matched case-control study of 201 cases and 378 controls among 53,547 5-year survivors of cervical cancer diagnosed from 1943 to 1995, from 5 international, population-based cancer registries. We estimated individual radiation doses to the site of the stomach cancer for all cases and to corresponding sites for the matched controls (overall mean stomach tumor dose, 2.56 Gy, range 0.03-46.1 and after parallel opposed pelvic fields, 1.63 Gy, range 0.12-6.3). RESULTS: More than 90% of women received radiation therapy, mostly with external beam therapy in combination with brachytherapy. Stomach cancer risk was nonsignificantly increased (odds ratio 1.27-2.28) for women receiving between 0.5 and 4.9 Gy to the stomach cancer site and significantly increased at doses ≥ 5 Gy (odds ratio 4.20, 95% confidence interval 1.41-13.4, Ptrend=.047) compared with nonirradiated women. A highly significant radiation dose-response relationship was evident when analyses were restricted to the 131 cases (251 controls) whose stomach cancer was located in the middle and lower portions of the stomach (Ptrend=.003), whereas there was no indication of increasing risk with increasing dose for 30 cases (57 controls) whose cancer was located in the upper stomach (Ptrend=.23). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show for the first time a significant linear dose-response relationship for risk of stomach cancer in long-term survivors of cervical cancer.