Publications Search - Abstract View
||The role of haplotype in 15q25.1 locus in lung cancer risk: results of scanning chromosome 15.
||Ji X, Gui J, Han Y, Brennan P, Li Y, McKay J, Caporaso NE, Bertazzi PA, Landi MT, Amos CI
||The role of haplotypes and the interaction of haplotypes and smoking in lung cancer risk have not been well characterized. We analyzed data from an Italian population-based, case-control study with 1815 lung cancer patients and 1959 healthy controls in discovery, and performed a validation using a case-control study with 2983 lung cancer patients and 3553 healthy controls of European ancestry for replication. Sliding window haplotype analysis within chromosome 15, evaluating 4722250 haplotypes and pair-wise haplotype analysis identified that CHRNA5 rs588765-rs16969968 was the most significant haplotype associated with lung cancer risk (omnibus P = 8.35×10(-15) in discovery and 7.26×10(-14) in replication), and improved the prediction of case status over that provided by the individual SNPs rs16969968 or rs588765 (likelihood ratio test P = 0.006 for rs16969968 and 3.83×10(-14) for rs588765 in discovery, 0.009 for rs16969968 and 4.62×10(-13) for rs588765 in replication, compared with rs588765-rs16969968). Compared with the wild-type homozygous diplotype, CA/CA homozygote exhibited an approximately 2-fold increase risk for lung cancer (OR = 2.12; 95% CI 1.46-3.07 in discovery, and OR = 2.01; 95% CI 1.51-2.67 in replication). Even among never-smokers, CA/CA homozygote showed an increased risk of lung cancer with borderline significance in discovery (adjusted OR = 1.75, 95% CI 0.96-3.19) and statistical significance in replication (adjusted OR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.12-3.96), compared with combined genotypes (CG/CG + CG/TG). Accordingly, rs588765-rs16969968 may be a genetic marker to lung cancer risk, even among never-smokers.