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Title: Monte Carlo modeling of beta-radiometer device used to measure milk contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident.
Authors: Khrutchinsky A,  Kutsen S,  Minenko V,  Zhukova O,  Luckyanov N,  Bouville A,  Drozdovitch V
Journal: Appl Radiat Isot
Date: 2009 Jun
Branches: REB
PubMed ID: 19233662
PMC ID: PMC2673802
Abstract: This paper presents results of Monte Carlo modeling of the beta-radiometer device with Geiger-Mueller detector used in Belarus and Russia to measure the radioactive contamination of milk after the Chernobyl accident. This type of detector, which is not energy selective, measured the total beta-activity of the radionuclide mix. A mathematical model of the beta-radiometer device, namely DP-100, was developed, and the calibration factors for the different radionuclides that might contribute to the milk contamination were calculated. The estimated calibration factors for (131)I, (137)Cs, (134)Cs, (90)Sr, (144)Ce, and (106)Ru reasonably agree with calibration factors determined experimentally. The calculated calibration factors for (132)Te, (132)I, (133)I, (136)Cs, (89)Sr, (103)Ru, (140)Ba, (140)La, and (141)Ce had not been previously determined experimentally. The obtained results allow to derive the activity of specific radionuclides, in particular (131)I, from the results of the total beta-activity measurements in milk. Results of this study are important for the purposes of retrospective dosimetry that uses measurements of radioactivity in environmental samples performed with beta-radiometer devices.