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Title: Meta-analysis identifies 13 new loci associated with waist-hip ratio and reveals sexual dimorphism in the genetic basis of fat distribution.
Authors: Heid IM,  Jackson AU,  Randall JC,  Winkler TW,  Qi L,  Steinthorsdottir V,  Thorleifsson G,  Zillikens MC,  Speliotes EK,  Mägi R,  Workalemahu T,  White CC,  Bouatia-Naji N,  Harris TB,  Berndt SI,  Ingelsson E,  Willer CJ,  Weedon MN,  Luan J,  Vedantam S,  Esko T,  Kilpeläinen TO,  Kutalik Z,  Li S,  Monda KL,  Dixon AL,  Holmes CC,  Kaplan LM,  Liang L,  Min JL,  Moffatt MF,  Molony C,  Nicholson G,  Schadt EE,  Zondervan KT,  Feitosa MF,  Ferreira T,  Lango Allen H,  Weyant RJ,  Wheeler E,  Wood AR,  MAGIC,  Estrada K,  Goddard ME,  Lettre G,  Mangino M,  Nyholt DR,  Purcell S,  Smith AV,  Visscher PM,  Yang J,  McCarroll SA,  Nemesh J,  Voight BF,  Absher D,  Amin N,  Aspelund T,  Coin L,  Glazer NL,  Hayward C,  Heard-Costa NL,  Hottenga JJ,  Johansson A,  Johnson T,  Kaakinen M,  Kapur K,  Ketkar S,  Knowles JW,  Kraft P,  Kraja AT,  Lamina C,  Leitzmann MF,  McKnight B,  Morris AP,  Ong KK,  Perry JR,  Peters MJ,  Polasek O,  Prokopenko I,  Rayner NW,  Ripatti S,  Rivadeneira F,  Robertson NR,  Sanna S,  Sovio U,  Surakka I,  Teumer A,  van Wingerden S,  Vitart V,  Zhao JH,  Cavalcanti-Proença C,  Chines PS,  Fisher E,  Kulzer JR,  Lecoeur C,  Narisu N,  Sandholt C,  Scott LJ,  Silander K,  Stark K,  Tammesoo ML,  Teslovich TM,  Timpson NJ,  Watanabe RM,  Welch R,  Chasman DI,  Cooper MN,  Jansson JO,  Kettunen J,  Lawrence RW,  Pellikka N,  Perola M,  Vandenput L,  Alavere H,  Almgren P,  Atwood LD,  Bennett AJ,  Biffar R,  Bonnycastle LL,  Bornstein SR,  Buchanan TA,  Campbell H,  Day IN,  Dei M,  Dörr M,  Elliott P,  Erdos MR,  Eriksson JG,  Freimer NB,  Fu M,  Gaget S,  Geus EJ,  Gjesing AP,  Grallert H,  Grässler J,  Groves CJ,  Guiducci C,  Hartikainen AL,  Hassanali N,  Havulinna AS,  Herzig KH,  Hicks AA,  Hui J,  Igl W,  Jousilahti P,  Jula A,  Kajantie E,  Kinnunen L,  Kolcic I,  Koskinen S,  Kovacs P,  Kroemer HK,  Krzelj V,  Kuusisto J,  Kvaloy K,  Laitinen J,  Lantieri O,  Lathrop GM,  Lokki ML,  Luben RN,  Ludwig B,  McArdle WL,  McCarthy A,  Morken MA,  Nelis M,  Neville MJ,  Paré G,  Parker AN,  Peden JF,  Pichler I,  Pietiläinen KH,  Platou CG,  Pouta A,  RidderstrÃ¥le M,  Samani NJ,  Saramies J,  Sinisalo J,  Smit JH,  Strawbridge RJ,  Stringham HM,  Swift AJ,  Teder-Laving M,  Thomson B,  Usala G,  van Meurs JB,  van Ommen GJ,  Vatin V,  Volpato CB,  Wallaschofski H,  Walters GB,  Widen E,  Wild SH,  Willemsen G,  Witte DR,  Zgaga L,  Zitting P,  Beilby JP,  James AL,  Kähönen M,  Lehtimäki T,  Nieminen MS,  Ohlsson C,  Palmer LJ,  Raitakari O,  Ridker PM,  Stumvoll M,  Tönjes A,  Viikari J,  Balkau B,  Ben-Shlomo Y,  Bergman RN,  Boeing H,  Smith GD,  Ebrahim S,  Froguel P,  Hansen T,  Hengstenberg C,  Hveem K,  Isomaa B,  Jørgensen T,  Karpe F,  Khaw KT,  Laakso M,  Lawlor DA,  Marre M,  Meitinger T,  Metspalu A,  Midthjell K,  Pedersen O,  Salomaa V,  Schwarz PE,  Tuomi T,  Tuomilehto J,  Valle TT,  Wareham NJ,  Arnold AM,  Beckmann JS,  Bergmann S,  Boerwinkle E,  Boomsma DI,  Caulfield MJ,  Collins FS,  Eiriksdottir G,  Gudnason V,  Gyllensten U,  Hamsten A,  Hattersley AT,  Hofman A,  Hu FB,  Illig T,  Iribarren C,  Jarvelin MR,  Kao WH,  Kaprio J,  Launer LJ,  Munroe PB,  Oostra B,  Penninx BW,  Pramstaller PP,  Psaty BM,  Quertermous T,  Rissanen A,  Rudan I,  Shuldiner AR,  Soranzo N,  Spector TD,  Syvanen AC,  Uda M,  Uitterlinden A,  Völzke H,  Vollenweider P,  Wilson JF,  Witteman JC,  Wright AF,  Abecasis GR,  Boehnke M,  Borecki IB,  Deloukas P,  Frayling TM,  Groop LC,  Haritunians T,  Hunter DJ,  Kaplan RC,  North KE,  O'Connell JR,  Peltonen L,  Schlessinger D,  Strachan DP,  Hirschhorn JN,  Assimes TL,  Wichmann HE,  Thorsteinsdottir U,  van Duijn CM,  Stefansson K,  Cupples LA,  Loos RJ,  Barroso I,  McCarthy MI,  Fox CS,  Mohlke KL,  Lindgren CM
Journal: Nat Genet
Date: 2010 Nov
Branches: OEEB
PubMed ID: 20935629
PMC ID: PMC3000924
Abstract: Waist-hip ratio (WHR) is a measure of body fat distribution and a predictor of metabolic consequences independent of overall adiposity. WHR is heritable, but few genetic variants influencing this trait have been identified. We conducted a meta-analysis of 32 genome-wide association studies for WHR adjusted for body mass index (comprising up to 77,167 participants), following up 16 loci in an additional 29 studies (comprising up to 113,636 subjects). We identified 13 new loci in or near RSPO3, VEGFA, TBX15-WARS2, NFE2L3, GRB14, DNM3-PIGC, ITPR2-SSPN, LY86, HOXC13, ADAMTS9, ZNRF3-KREMEN1, NISCH-STAB1 and CPEB4 (P = 1.9 × 10⁻⁹ to P = 1.8 × 10⁻⁴⁰) and the known signal at LYPLAL1. Seven of these loci exhibited marked sexual dimorphism, all with a stronger effect on WHR in women than men (P for sex difference = 1.9 × 10⁻³ to P = 1.2 × 10⁻¹³). These findings provide evidence for multiple loci that modulate body fat distribution independent of overall adiposity and reveal strong gene-by-sex interactions.