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||Association of prostate cancer with rapid N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1*10) in combination with slow N-acetyltransferase 2 acetylator genotypes in a pilot case-control study.
||Hein DW, Leff MA, Ishibe N, Sinha R, Frazier HA, Doll MA, Xiao GH, Weinrich MC, Caporaso NE
||Environ Mol Mutagen
||N-acetyltransferase-1 (NAT1) and N-acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2) are important in the metabolism of aromatic and heterocyclic amine carcinogens that induce prostate tumors in the rat. We investigated the association of genetic polymorphisms in NAT1 and NAT2, alone and in combination, with human prostate cancer. Incident prostate cancer cases and controls in a hospital-based case-control study were frequency-matched for age, race, and referral pattern. The frequency of slow acetylator NAT1 genotypes (NAT1*14, *15, *17) was 5.8% in controls but absent in cases. In contrast, in comparison with all other NAT1 genotypes the putative rapid acetylator NAT1 genotype (NAT1*10) was significantly higher in prostate cancer cases than controls (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.08-4.33; P = 0.03). Combinations of NAT1*10 with NAT2 slow acetylator genotypes (OR, 5.08; 95% CI, 1.56-16.5; P = 0.008) or with NAT2 very slow (homozygous NAT2*5) acetylator genotypes (OR, 7.50; 95% CI, 1.55-15.4; P = 0.016) further increased prostate cancer risk. The results of this small pilot study suggest increased susceptibility to prostate cancer for subjects with combinations of NAT1*10 and slow (particularly very slow) NAT2 acetylator genotypes. This finding should be investigated further in larger cohorts and in other ethnic populations.