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Title: Effects of selenomethionine supplementation on selenium status and thyroid hormone concentrations in healthy adults.
Authors: Combs GF Jr,  Midthune DN,  Patterson KY,  Canfield WK,  Hill AD,  Levander OA,  Taylor PR,  Moler JE,  Patterson BH
Journal: Am J Clin Nutr
Date: 2009 Jun
Branches: GEB
PubMed ID: 19403637
PMC ID: PMC2682996
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Selenium, a potential cancer prevention agent currently being tested against prostate cancer in the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT), plays an integral role in thyroid metabolism. The effects of long-term selenium supplementation on thyroid hormone concentrations are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the effects of long-term selenium supplementation on thyroid hormone concentrations. DESIGN: Twenty-eight healthy adults took 200 microg selenomethionine/d for 28 mo. The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyrotropin (TSH) were measured in plasma for 4 mo before supplementation and quarterly during supplementation. The assay methods were changed midstudy; the results of the 2 methods were not comparable. Therefore, one analysis was conducted based on the results of the first method, and a second analysis was based on all of the data, adjusted for the change. Serial data collection permitted a test for trends rather than simply a difference between initial and final values. RESULTS: By 9 mo, mean (+/-SEM) plasma selenium concentrations had increased from 1.78 +/- 0.07 micromol/L at baseline to 2.85 +/- 0.11 micromol/L for men and from 1.64 +/- 0.04 to 3.32 +/- 0.1.2 micromol/L for women. T3 concentrations in men increased 5% per year (P = 0.01). T4 and TSH concentrations were unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Selenium supplementation produced no clinically significant changes in thyroid hormone concentrations. A small but statistically significant increase in T3 concentrations was noted in men, with no corresponding decreases in TSH. A subset of SELECT subjects might be monitored periodically for changes during long-term selenium supplementation.