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Title: Endogenous DNA damage and testicular germ cell tumors.
Authors: Cook MB,  Sigurdson AJ,  Jones IM,  Thomas CB,  Graubard BI,  Korde L,  Greene MH,  McGlynn KA
Journal: Int J Androl
Date: 2009 Dec
Branches: REB, CGB, BB, HREB
PubMed ID: 18657195
PMC ID: PMC2874631
Abstract: Testicular germ cell tumors are comprised of two histologic groups, seminomas and non-seminomas. We postulated that the possible divergent pathogeneses of these histologies may be partially explained by variable levels of net endogenous DNA damage. To test our hypothesis, we conducted a case-case analysis of 51 seminoma and 61 non-seminoma patients using data and specimens from the Familial Testicular Cancer study and the U.S. Radiologic Technologists cohort. A lymphoblastoid cell line was cultured for each patient and the alkaline comet assay was used to determine four parameters: tail DNA, tail length, comet distributed moment (CDM) and Olive tail moment (OTM). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using logistic regression. Values for tail length, tail DNA, CDM and OTM were modelled as categorical variables using the 50th and 75th percentiles of the seminoma group. Tail DNA was significantly associated with non-seminoma compared with seminoma (OR(50th percentile) = 3.31, 95% CI: 1.00, 10.98; OR(75th percentile) = 3.71, 95% CI: 1.04, 13.20; p for trend = 0.039). OTM exhibited similar, albeit statistically non-significant, risk estimates (OR(50th percentile) = 2.27, 95% CI: 0.75, 6.87; OR(75th percentile) = 2.40, 95% CI: 0.75, 7.71; p for trend = 0.12) whereas tail length and CDM showed no association. In conclusion, the results for tail DNA and OTM indicate that net endogenous levels are higher in patients who develop non-seminoma compared with seminoma. This may partly explain the more aggressive biology and younger age-of-onset of this histologic subgroup compared with the relatively less aggressive, later-onset seminoma.