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||Insulin-like growth factor 1, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3, and testicular germ-cell tumor risk.
||Chia VM, Quraishi SM, Graubard BI, Rubertone MV, Erickson RL, Stanczyk FZ, McGlynn KA
||Am J Epidemiol
||2008 Jun 15
||Studies have consistently shown that taller men are at increased risk of testicular germ-cell tumors. Thus, it is plausible that factors associated with height may also influence risk of these tumors. The authors examined associations between testicular germ-cell tumor risk and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) among 517 cases and 790 controls from the US Servicemen's Testicular Tumor Environmental and Endocrine Determinants (STEED) Study (2002-2005). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using logistic regression models, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, height, and body mass index. All tests of significance were two-sided. Overall, there were no associations between IGF-1 or IGFBP-3 concentrations and risk of testicular germ-cell tumors (p > 0.05). However, when cases were separated by histologic type, there was a suggestion of a reduction in seminoma risk associated with the highest concentrations of IGF-1 as compared with the lowest concentrations (odds ratio = 0.66, 95% confidence interval: 0.40, 1.09). Although there were no overall associations with insulin-like growth factor, contrary to expectation, there was a suggestion that IGF-1 concentrations may be inversely associated with risk of seminoma.