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||Risk of lymphoma subtypes after solid organ transplantation in the United States.
||Clarke CA, Morton LM, Lynch C, Pfeiffer RM, Hall EC, Gibson TM, Weisenburger DD, Martínez-Maza O, Hussain SK, Yang J, Chang ET, Engels EA
||Br J Cancer
||2013 Jul 9
||BB, IIB, REB
||BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplant recipients have high risk of lymphomas, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). A gap in our understanding of post-transplant lymphomas involves the spectrum and associated risks of their many histologic subtypes. METHODS: We linked nationwide data on solid organ transplants from the US Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (1987-2008) to 14 state and regional cancer registries, yielding 791 281 person-years of follow-up for 19 distinct NHL subtypes and HL. We calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) and used Poisson regression to compare SIRs by recipient age, transplanted organ, and time since transplantation. RESULTS: The risk varied widely across subtypes, with strong elevations (SIRs 10-100) for hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, NK/T-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (both systemic and primary cutaneous forms). Moderate elevations (SIRs 2-4) were observed for HL and lymphoplasmacytic, peripheral T-cell, and marginal zone lymphomas, but SIRs for indolent lymphoma subtypes were not elevated. Generally, SIRs were highest for younger recipients (<20 years) and those receiving organs other than kidneys. CONCLUSION: Transplant recipients experience markedly elevated risk of a distinct spectrum of lymphoma subtypes. These findings support the aetiologic relevance of immunosuppression for certain subtypes and underscore the importance of detailed haematopathologic workup for transplant recipients with suspected lymphoma.