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Title: Effect of the number of biopsies on the subsequent acquisition of new human papillomavirus infections.
Authors: Castle PE,  Wentzensen N,  Wheeler CM,  Rydzak G,  Schiffman M
Journal: Obstet Gynecol
Date: 2009 Nov
Branches:
PubMed ID: 20168107
PMC ID: not available
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of number of biopsies taken at enrollment with incident human papillomavirus (HPV) infections detected at the next 6-month visit. METHODS: Using data from the Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance (ASCUS) and Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (LSIL) Triage Study (ALTS), we compared the 6-month acquisition of new HPV infections among 988 women who underwent colposcopy, were not diagnosed and treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or more severe lesions, and had polymerase chain reaction results for 38 HPV genotypes at enrollment and follow-up. Our analysis considered each woman's possible acquisition of each of these HPV genotypes. RESULTS: The average 6-month acquisition of any HPV genotype for women with zero, one, and two or more biopsies was 1.82%, 1.74%, and 1.97%, respectively (Ptrend=.7). In a logistic regression model that controlled for age, baseline HPV status, and having a new sexual partner during the 6-month follow-up, two or more biopsies (compared with one biopsy) was not associated with acquiring HPV (odds ratio 1.0, 95% confidence interval 0.75-1.3). CONCLUSION: Multiple biopsies compared with a single biopsy did not increase the likelihood of acquiring new HPV infections. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.